英文名：Amylose/Amylopectin Assay Kit
规格：100 assays per kit
For the measurement of amylose/amylopectin ratio and content in cereal starches and flours. Based on a Con A precipitation procedure. Content:100 assays per kit
Colourimetric method for the determination of Amylose and
Amylopectin in cereals, food and feed
(1) Soluble starch (amylose + amylopectin) →
amylose + amylopectin-Con A
(α-amylase + amyloglucosidase)
(2) Amylose (in solution) + H2O → D-glucose
(3) D-Glucose + H2O + O2 → D-gluconate + H2O2
(4) H2O2 + p-hydroxybenzoic acid + 4-aminoantipyrine →
quinoneimine + H2O
(α-amylase + amyloglucosidase)
(5) Total starch (in solution) + H2O → D-glucose
Kit size: 100 assays
Method: Spectrophotometric at 510 nm
Total assay time: ~ 120 min
Detection limit: Amylose 5-95% of total starch content
Cereal starches, flours, pure starches and foods
Method recognition: Novel method
- Very cost effective (cost per test)
- All reagents stable for > 12 months after preparation
- Only enzymatic kit available
- Accurate and reliable amylose / amylopectin ratio determination
- Simple format
- Standard included
Q1. Should the pH of the sample be adjusted even for samples in acidic media?
The pH of the assay solution after the sample is added should be the same as that of the assay buffer that is supplied with the kit.
Low sample volumes (e.g. 0.1 mL) are not likely to affect the pH of the assay solution and therefore may not require pH adjustment.
Samples above 0.1 mL are more likely to affect the pH of the assay solution and therefore the pH of these samples should be adjusted as described in the data booklet, prior to addition to the assay.
Q2. There is an issue with the performance of the kit; the results are not as expected.
If you suspect that the Megazyme test kit is not performing as expected such that expected results are not obtained please do the following:
- Ensure that you have tested the standard sample that is supplied with the Megazyme test kit.
- Send the results of the kit standard, blank samples and the results obtained for your sample, in the relevant MegaCalc spreadsheet (if available) to Megazyme ([email protected]). Where available the relevant MegaCalc spreadsheet can be downloaded from where the product appears on the Megazyme website.
- State the kit lot number being used (this is found on the outside of the kit box).
- State which assay format was used (refer to the relevant page in the kit booklet if necessary).
- State exact details of any modifications to the standard procedure that is provided by Megazyme.
- State the sample type and describe the sample preparation steps if applicable.
Q3. With your amylose/amylopectin kit can you calculate the amylose content from the Con A supernatant absorbance, without performing the total starch section if you have recorded the weight of the sample?
Amylose is always reported as a percentage of the starch, not as a percentage of the sample weight. The method should be followed as described.
Q4. Can K-AMYL also be used for total starch determination?
We do not recommend K-AMYL for starch measurement. The aim with this method is to get a representative sample of the starch to get the amylose content. For accurate starch determination, we recommend using K-TSTA.
Q5. Do you provide any information in your Amylose/Amylopectin kit for the separation of the two starch fractions?
We think that the only effective method to separate amylose and amylopectin is by gel filtration.
Q6. We are analysing amylose using your kit K-AMYL. Do you have any recommendations regarding sample grinding? We have used a Retsch laboratory mill with a 0.5 mm screen. The particle size may be important for starch extraction.
Mill with Retsch 0.5 mm screen.
Q7. I am interested in your Amylose/Amylopectin Assay Kit. Is this assay suitable for potato starch?
The method should be fine for amylose/amylopectin in potato starch.
Q8. Could you please give us details about the reproducibility of the Amylose/Amylopectin kit?
Reproducibility +/- 2 to 4% of the value.
Q9. How sensitive is your Amylose/Amylopectin kit – can it differentiate between 50/50 and a 55/45 ratio?
Yes, there should be no problem in distinguishing samples with these differences in amylose content.
Q10. I have a question regarding your amylose/amylopectin assay kit. The solution (supernatant) is not always clear after centrifuging (A5) and after mixing with Con A solvent (A7) – depending on the sample. Is this a problem or is this OK?
Solution not always clear A5 – this is ok. Solution not always clear A7 – this is ok as well.
Q11. What kind of flour is the reference starch sample in your Amylose/Amylopectin kit from (potato, rice, wheat)?
The starch control is high amylose maize starch.
Q12. In your Amylose/Amylopectin Kit can you please tell me what modifications for steps A2 – A7 can be used for problem samples which do not appear to dissolve fully in DMSO (e.g. rice flours, potato starch)?
We suggest that you make the following changes:
1. A2 – use 2 mL DMSO
2. A4 – use total of 12 mL Ethanol (4 + 8– need longer tubes)
3. A6 – use 2 mL of DMSO
4. A7 – use 4 mL of Con A solvent.
Of these, the changes in A6 and A7 are probably the most important.
Q13. What is the difference between your Amylose/Amylopectin kit and the Total Starch Kit? I need to separate amylose from amylopectin in maize plants and quantify each fraction and wonder which kit would be most suitable.
The Amylose/Amylopectin kit employs Con A to selectively precipitate the amylopectin.
Q14. In the ConA precipitation step, after the hour incubation, is the centrifugation speed or temperature more important, or are they equally important?
Speed of centrifugation is the most important parameter. We use the microfuge at room temperature.
Q15. When we measure the Amylose/Amylopectin content of Sagopalm & rice starch (powder form), white precipitate is remaining. Adding DMSO after the precipitation by adding ethanol, white precipitate is remaining. Can you let us know a counter measure?
The white precipitate is most probably protein, and this will cause no real problems. However, an alternative is as follows:
Step 2: Dissolve in 2 mL DMSO. Centrifuge at high speed (could use a micro-centrifuge – 14,000 rpm, but bench centrifuge – 3,000 rpm, may be OK) and recover the supernatant. Treat this as follows:
Step 4: Add 4 mL ethanol, then 8 mL of ethanol.
Step 6: Use 2 mL of DMSO.
Step 7: Use 4 mL of Con A solvent and then make up to 25 mL as per method.
Q16. I have trouble with Steps A4 and A6 of your Amylose/Amylopectin Kit, i.e. distributing or dissolving the sample in DMSO without forming gelatinous lumps (starch) or grimy material that sticks to the sides of the tube (flour). How can I avoid this?
Rice starch should dissolve completely, but the solution may not be "crystal clear". In fact, it generally isn’t. With rice flour, the solution will be quite turbid due to materials other than starch, which will not dissolve. You can also increase the amount of DMSO used in the test. We have now introduced this modification into the method.