英文名：Pectin Identification Assay Kit
规格：500 assays per kit
The Pectin Identification Assay Kit is suitable for the identification of pectin in food ingredients. This kit now employs a new pectate lyase from Aspergillus niger.
UV-method for the identification of Pectin in foodstuffs, feed
and fruit juice
(1) Pectin + H2O → pectate + methanol
(2) Pectate → 4,5-unsaturated oligogalacturonates
Kit size: 500 assays
Method: Spectrophotometric at 235 nm
Reaction time: ~ 30 min
Detection limit: N/A
Food ingredients (e.g. citrus fruit and apple) and other materials
- Very cost effective
- All reagents stable for > 2 years after preparation
- Only enzymatic kit available
- Simple format
- Standard included
Q1. Should the pH of the sample be adjusted even for samples in acidic media?
The pH of the assay solution after the sample is added should be the same as that of the assay buffer that is supplied with the kit.
Low sample volumes (e.g. 0.1 mL) are not likely to affect the pH of the assay solution and therefore may not require pH adjustment.
Samples above 0.1 mL are more likely to affect the pH of the assay solution and therefore the pH of these samples should be adjusted as described in the data booklet, prior to addition to the assay.
Q2. Sometimes a negative absorbance change is obtained for the blank samples, is this normal? Should the real value (negative absorbance change) or “0” be used in the calculation of results?
Sometimes the addition of the last assay component can cause a small negative absorbance change in the blank samples due to a dilution effect and in such cases it is recommended that the real absorbance values be used in the calculation of results.
Q3. There is an issue with the performance of the kit; the results are not as expected.
If you suspect that the Megazyme test kit is not performing as expected such that expected results are not obtained please do the following:
- Ensure that you have tested the standard sample that is supplied with the Megazyme test kit.
- Send the results of the kit standard, blank samples and the results obtained for your sample, in the relevant MegaCalc spreadsheet (if available) to Megazyme ([email protected]). Where available the relevant MegaCalc spreadsheet can be downloaded from where the product appears on the Megazyme website.
- State the kit lot number being used (this is found on the outside of the kit box).
- State which assay format was used (refer to the relevant page in the kit booklet if necessary).
- State exact details of any modifications to the standard procedure that is provided by Megazyme.
- State the sample type and describe the sample preparation steps if applicable.
Q4. What are the units of the unsaturated product obtained from calculation (Unsaturated product = ΔA/L x ε) of the Pectin Identification Kit (K-PECID)?
The unit of the unsaturated product formed is Molar. The unsaturated digalacturonide is measured at 235 nm and assumes the molar extinction coefficient of 4600 (M-1 cm-1). Pectate lyase liberates various unsaturated oligogalacturonides and therefore this test is qualitative rather than quantitative.
Pectin Assay using m-Hydroxydiphenyl
Galacturonic acid residues form the fundamental units of pectin molecules. A quantitative measurement of this acid is used to determine the concentration of pectic substances present in a sample. The colourimetric assay using m-hydroxydiphenyl for analysis of galacturonic acids is quite specific for uronic acids. It can tolerate, for instance, the presence of up to 1000 ppm of sucrose.
1. Galacturonic acid stock solution:
Dissolve 100 mg dry galacturonic acid powder in 100 mL distilled water to give a solution concentration of 1 mg/mL. Keep refrigerated. A new solution should be prepared every 4 weeks.
2. M/80 Sodium tetraborate in sulphuric acid (0.0125M solution):
Weigh 1.192 g of sodium tetraborate (Na2 BO4.10H20) into a 250 mL volumetric flask. Make up to the mark with concentrated sulphuric acid.
3. 0.5% sodium hydroxide:
Weigh 5 g sodium hydroxide into a 1 litre volumetric flask. Make up to the mark with deionised water.
4. m-Hydroxydiphenyl solution (0.15%):
Weigh 0.15 g m-hydroxydiphenyl into a 100 mL volumetric flask. Make up to the mark with 0.5% sodium hydroxide solution. Cover the container with aluminium foil to protect it from the light. Keep refrigerated.
PREPARATION AND MEASUREMENT OF SAMPLES:
Make solutions for calibration curve as follows:
Pipette 2 mL stock galacturonic acid solution into a 100 mL volumetric flask. Make up to the mark with deionised water. The concentration of galacturonic acid in this sample is equivalent to 20 micrograms/mL.
4 mL stock in 100 mL volumetric flask for 40 micrograms/mL
6 mL " " " " " " 60 micrograms/mL
8 mL " " " " " " 80 micrograms/mL
10 mL " " " " " 100 micrograms/mL
Place 16 test tubes in an ice bath to cool. Use three tubes for each sample: two tubes for sample + one tube for blank determination. Keep the sulphuric acid/sodium tetraborate solution in an ice bath throughout the experiment.
Place 1.0 mL of standard or sample into each of three labelled cold test tubes. Allow a few minutes to cool.
Add 6.0 mL of the tetraborate solution to each test tube. Mix thoroughly by means of a test-tube stirrer. It is important that the sample plus reagents are mixed properly. Keep test tubes in ice until all samples are prepared. Heat tubes in a boiling water bath for precisely 6.0 mins. Return tubes to the ice bath. Allow to cool.
Add 0.1 mL (100 microlitres) of m-hydroxydiphenyl to the first two tubes to develop colour. Mix thoroughly using the test-tube stirrrer. Add (for blank) 0.1 mL (100 microlitres) of 0.5% sodium hydroxide to the third tube. Mix thoroughly. Allow the tubes to stand for 15-20 minutes at room temperature to allow any bubbles formed to dissipate.
Measure absorbance at 520 nm on a spectrophotometer by reading sample against corresponding blank tube with 0.5% sodium hydroxide.
To obtain the absorbance due to m-hydroxydiphenyl, substract the absorbance for sample blank from the total absorbance for sample.
Zero the spectrophotometer with a reagent blank prepared by mixing 10 mL deionised water plus 6.0 mL tetraborate solution and 0.1 mL of 0.5% sodium hydroxide solution.
Plot a calibration curve of Absorbance (y-axis) against concentration of galacturonic acid (x-axis). Use this curve for standardisation.